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‘Corruption risk, risk of corruption?

Distinguishing criteria between petty and high-ranking corruption'

101014783 — CRITCOR

The ‘Corruption risk, risk of corruption? Distinguishing criteria between petty and high-ranking corruption’ (101014783 — CRITCOR) project was funded by the European Union’s HERCULE III programme.” The CRICTOR will be implemented between 1 January 2021 and 31 March 2022.


The CRITCOR project was implemented under the European Union's HERCULE III programme between 1 January 2021 and 30 April 2022. The project, led by the National Institute of Criminology, brought together experts from Portugal, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, the UK, Poland, the Czech Republic and Romania to support and facilitate the successful implementation of the fifteen-month collaboration. Our aim was to gather and share knowledge on corruption issues in such a way that both theoretical and practical experts can use the information effectively, and to make the knowledge and integrated analysis of domestic and foreign "good practices" available to professionals, who can provide meaningful assistance in the effective prosecution, detection and identification of the appropriate criminal law tools for corruption offences.
   In order to implement the project successfully, a four-pillar programme was set up, in which workshops, training sessions and conferences took place; a project website was created, a case study booklet was compiled in English with the involvement of the participating countries, and a training booklet based on the international exchange of experience and a toolkit (Guidebook) were published in Hungarian and English.
   The final conference, which took place in 2022 with the participation of more than a hundred national and international theoreticians and practitioners, summarised the results of the project, presented different international perspectives on corruption and tools to protect EU financial interests, and discussed the legal and criminological perspectives of corruption. The participants noted that the issue of corruption is very complex, and although in some respects it varies from country to country, the main characteristics of the phenomenon have many common features, and therefore it is worth analysing it at international level. The indicators and distinctions between lower and higher levels of corruption are far from clear. As the legislation varies from country to country, it is extremely difficult to find completely common ground, because the language of law and criminology is not identical. While law thinks in terms of specific points of law and predefined sanctions, criminology as a science always defines problems as "phenomena".
   Our publications cover the theoretical aspects of corruption from a domestic and international perspective. The training material focuses on potential problems and dilemmas in the area of corruption and its investigation and prosecution. The toolkit can be useful for the police and prosecutors in Hungary - and abroad - to improve the effectiveness of their corruption investigations. This systematic overview gives professionals a sound knowledge of the correct sequence of investigative steps.
   Both the oral programmes and the written material were widely publicised, reaching around 380 people directly and many more indirectly.



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Workshop 1 – Kick-off meeting, 22–23 March 2021 (online)
Distinguishing criteria between petty and high-ranking corruption: Expert evaluation
    Abstract, Presentations, Agenda »

Workshop 2 – 21–22 June 2021 (online)
Distinguishing criteria between petty and high-ranking corruption: Preliminary results
    Abstract, Presentations, Agenda »

Training – 22–23 November 2021 (online)
Detection, Prosecution, and Judicial Practice of Corruption Crimes
    Abstract, Presentations, Agenda »

Final Conference – 21–22 March 2022 (online)
Distinguishing criteria between petty and high-ranking corruption: Final results
    Abstract, Presentations, Agenda »


 Studies »
 Training Material »
 Toolkit »


József Kó: Corruption offences and their perpetrators in Hungary
Results of the second analysis. Summary

Éva Inzelt: Distinguishing criteria between petty and high-ranking corruption:
Preliminary results I
Krisztina Farkas: Distinguishing criteria between petty and high-ranking corruption:
Preliminary results II





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